Interesting Bits

  • Water is the only substance that exists on earth as a solid, liquid and vapour.
  • Between 1971 and 2001 urban areas doubled, consuming an additional 2840 square miles. This is equal to the total area of the Whitemud River Watershed. In 2001 urban areas covered 7% of class one land and 3% of all productive agriculture land in Canada.
  • In the U.S. there is no law against mixing hazardous waste with fertilizer. By 2000 eight major U.S. companies converted 120 million pounds of hazardous waste into fertilizer. In the end we eat that. – Dirt by D. Montgomery
  • Conservation and no till methods are used on about 70% of U.S. and Canadian farmlands. These methods are only used on 5% of the rest of the world’s land.
  • We have burned over one trillion barrels of oil in the last twenty years. The stack of barrels would reach the moon 4000 times.
  • An assessment of global soil erosion found that bout two billion hectares of formerly productive agricultural land can no longer support agriculture. – Dirt by D. Montgomery
  • More than 50% of U.S. croplands have slopes in excess of 2%. That’s over 100 feet per mile. In the Whitemud only land along the escarpment is that steep.
  • The agricultural capability of soils in the CD are: Class 1 – 8%, Class 2 – 26%, Class 3 – 25%, Class 4 – 18%, Class 5 – 10%.
  • There are about 1600 farms in the CD. About 28% of the land is in cereals, 11% oilseeds, 10% forages, 2% pulse crops and 2% in potatoes.
  • The average annual precipitation over the watershed is 500mm. The average runoff is about 28mm. This is only about 6%.
  • The soils in the district are: clayey – 5.4%, fine loamy – 47.1%, coarse loamy – 14.5%, sandy – 25.7%.
  • In 2001 the land use in the CD was: annual crops – 47%, grass & forages – 32%, trees – 13%, wetlands – 4%.
  • About on third of the WWCD is considered to have a moderate to severe risk of erosion.
  • From December 08 to August, 2009 every city in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and central to northern Alberta experienced below normal temperatures. Winnipeg had ten consecutive months of below normal temperatures, the coldest stretch since the 1880’s.
  • About 10% of the world’s total annual runoff is stored in man made reservoirs. That’s over 4 trillion cubic meters or almost half a mile deep over the entire Whitemud watershed.
  • When a plant is genetically modified every cell of that plant is changed.